Preface - Writing this text was begun four years ago in response to a perceived shift in the career goals of undergraduate physics majors. Whereas 10 years ago more than 80 percent of physics majors went on to graduate school in physics, closer to 50 percent now take this option. From surveys conducted at Berkeley, the majority of students who do not continue in physics do work in an applied area, either in graduate school or in industry. And of the students who do go on in physics, nearly half work in solid-state physics, plasma physics, optics, and physical electronics. Thus, more than half of all present undergraduate physics majors will be primarily concerned with the applications of physics.
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